Herding is one of oldest canine activities available. It has real world applications and is still in place for viable farm assistance in many places. For urban individuals, herding has become more of a training activity for competition for those breeds of dogs with natural instinct.
Everyone is familiar with sit, down, and come and other similar commands that are standard fare in the general obedience training class. The novice handler might not be familiar with what competitive obedience looks like or realize that it’s really just a continuation of those basic skills.
If you’re not directly familiar with clicker training, you might be a little confused on what exactly this style of training is all about. It is a newer style (although has been known and used for many decades) of training in the sense that it took a while for dog trainers to really hook onto it.